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Advanced DIY 3D Printer

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How to print the HevORT STLs?

1. Which material?

Pretty much any common 3D printing material can be used to print the HevORT parts.
After trying a few materials over the years, here is how I would categorise them in a very non-scientific way:

Price: Price in USD per kilogram
Rigidity: Force required to induce deflection.
Crack Resistant: Amount of deflection before rupture. (Non-Brittleness)
Layer Adhesion: Difference between forces required to break perpendicular to layers VS parallel to layers.
Heat Resistance: Temperature value from which material looses its rigidity in Celsius degrees.
Easy to print: Level of technical knowledge or special equipment required in order to achieve good prints.

Material Brand Price Rigidity Crack Resistant Layer Adhesion Heat Resist Easy to Print Special Print Condition
ASA FormFutura ApolloX 45 ++++ +++ +++ 98 ++++ Enclosure
ABS 23 ++++ +++ ++++ 105 +++ Enclosure
Nylon PA12 45 +++++ ++++ +++++ 110 + SuperDry + Enclosure + Bed Adhesion compound
Nylon HDCF 98 ++++ +++++ +++++ 167 ++ Dry + Enclosure + Bed Adhesion compound
Nylon Alloy910 Taulman3D 60 ++ +++++ +++++ 82 ++++ Dry
PETG 30 +++ +++ ++++ 85 +++ Dry
PETG CF 38 ++++ +++ +++ 90 +++ Dry
PLA EcoTough 27 ++++ +++ ++++ 70 +++++ NA
PLA Generic 20 +++++ ++ ++++ 65 +++++ NA
PC Polycarbonate Never tried yet…              

I am currently running ABS on the big parts and HDCF Nylon for the more technical parts such as the Y and X carriages.

2. Placing your parts in the slicer.

All STL files are already properly oriented for optimal print results and optimal layer orientation.

3. Slicer Settings

In this section I will assume that you have some experience with 3D printing and that your printer is calibrated. If you are not too sure about what I mean by calibrated, have a look at my personal recipe for printer calibration

The following printer settings are based on Ultimaker Cura setting nomenclature which may vary if you are using a different slicer.

Before we start, ensure to make all settings visible by going into:
Preferences/Configure Cura.../Settings
Select Check All then Close

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Note that not all settings will be detailed and explained.


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Section Setting Recommended Value Comment
Quality Layer Height Between 0.12 and 0.24 No structural or precision gain by going lower than 0.12. But going higher than 0.24 might create issues with small holes and other fine details.
Quality Line Width 0.46 (for 0.4mm nozzle) I usually set this to be a little bit wider than the nozzle diameter. This ensures a better pressure of the layer against the part while providing a better finish I feel.


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Section Setting Recommended Value Comment
Shell Wall Line Count 3 to 4 I prefer setting this parameter over setting the wall thickness. 3 to 4 walls will provide solid parts.
Shell Top/Bottom thickness 1mm This means between 8 and 4 top and bottom layers, depending on your layer height.


infill settings image

Section Setting Recommended Value Comment
Infill Infill Density 25-30% Going higher than 50 % will not add significant strength for large components.
Infill Infill Pattern Grid or Gyroid The advantages of gyroid infill over the tested infill types are: high shear strength, and low weight (so less filament needed).
Infill Infill Before Walls ON With this setting enabled, infill will be printed before the walls. This results in better overhangs because the walls will stick to the already printed infill. Printing in this order can also have a disadvantage. If the infill is printed before the walls, there is a chance that the infill will be visible through the walls, resulting in a rougher surface finish.

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